INDUSTRIAL PROFILE
 

The Thoothukudi District is located on the extreme southern parts of Tamil Nadu and it was carved out of Tirunelveli District on 20 October 1986. The district is located between 0.8 and 45 of the northern latitude and 78 and 11 of the eastern longitudes. The district is roughly triangular in shape and is bounded by Virudunagar and Ramanathapuram districts in the north, Gulf of Mannar in the east and Tirunelveli district in the south and west. The total geographical area of the district is 4,621 sq.km. constituting about 3.5% of the state. It has got a coastal line of 121kms.

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ADMINISTRATIVE SETUP
  The administrative set up of the district consists of 3 Revenue Divisions, 8 Taluks and 12 Blocks.
 
S.No.
Revenue Division
  Taluks
   Blocks
1
Tuticorin Division
Tuticorin
Tuticorin

 

 

Srivaikuntam
Srivaikuntam

 

 

 

Karungulam
2
Tiruchendur Division
Tiruchendur
Tiruchendur

 

 

 

Alwarthirunagari

 

 

 

Udangudi

 

 

Sattankulam
Sattankulam
3
Kovilpatti Division
Kovilpatti
Kovilpatti

 

 

 

Kayathar

 

 

Vilathikulam
Vilathikulam

 

 

 

Pudur

 

 

Ottapidaram
Ottapidaram

 

 

Ettayapuram

 

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
 
1.The district has more rural population, which accounts for 57.73% to the total population of   the district and it is one of the reason for backwardness.
2.The percentage of the literates in the district is 72.85%. which is more than the state’s average percentage
3.Agriculture is the main stay of the district. The cultivators and agricultural labourers both together accounts for 35.45% of the total work force of the district.
4.Thoothukudi has been identified as a most ideal place for spices cultivation, particularly chillies, corriander etc. Scope for industries on spice based products is bright, as these products have both domestic and export demand.
5. The district accounts for 11% of the state’s total area under Banana cultivation. The average yield is more than state’s average
6. Spices are cultivated  in a large area and accounts for 28.77% to the  state’s total area of Spices cultivation.
7.The area under cashew nut based industries, which have good export demand
8.The cultivation of horticultural crops viz fruits and vegetables is in upward trend, as the local farmers show interest, in view of profits. There is a scope for fruits and vegetables based industries in the district.

9. The district occupies the first place in salt production in the state. There is a good scope for development for salt based marine chemical industries namely bromine from sea bittern, free flow iodized salt, sodium chloride (analytical and pharmaceutical), magnesium sulphate. 

10.The large no of existence of Palmyrah and coconut trees in the district have bright prospects for development of industries based on these to improve the rural economy.
11.The total length of coastline is 121kms. Marine food production in recent years has shown downward trend. To overcome this problem, there is a need to improve infrastructure facilities in the old port Kulasekarapatinam in  Udangudi Block, in view of tremendous export demand for seafood and fish based products, which can earn foreign exchange.
12.The readymade garment industry, which is in Tiny sector is an asset of the district and in view of continuous demand for domestic and export market, a fashion Technology Institute can be set up.
13.Lime stone deposits in the district pave way for starting a mini cement plant
14.Major portion of production of safety matches comes from handmade sector
15.Thoothukudi is the 10th major and first ISO 9001certified port of the country, functioning with nine cargo berths and three bulk jetties. The infrastructure facilities available  will pave way for export and import of industrial products and commodities for economic development of the district.
16.In view of the proposed specialized export zone (SEZ) in Nanguneri of Thirunelveli district and industrial activities in and around the district there is a need to make the present airport a full fledged one to attract the foreign investments.
17.The Sethu Samudram project is under process which is aimed at deepening the Palk Straits in the Gulf of Mannar which will help not only the hinterland to flourish with the activities of trade and industry, but   also overall economic development of the southern districts of Tamil Nadu.
LARGE AND MEDIUM SCALE INDUSTRIES IN THOOTHUKUDI DISTRICT
  LARGE AND MEDIUM SCALE INDUSTRIES IN THOOTHUKUDI DISTRICT
 
S.No.
Name & Address
Line of Activity
1
Travancore Chemical and
Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Mullakad, Thoothukudi
Sulphate and alumina ferric
2
Tuticorin Alkali Chemicals and Fertilizers Ltd., Harbour construction road, Thoothukudi
Soda Ash (Heavy Chemicals) , ammonium chloride (Fertilizers)
3
Dharangadara Chemical works Ltd., Sahupuram, Arumuganeri, Tiruchendur TK
Caustic Soda, liquid chlorine, tri chloro ethylene, upgraded illuminate, PV Resin,  
4
Southern Petro Chemical Industries Corporation Ltd., (SPIC) , SPIC Nagar, Thoothukudi
Fertilizer division
Urea, DAP, aluminium fluoride
Intermediates
Ammonia, sulphuric acid , phosphoric acid, hydro chloric acid
Heavy chemical division
Caustic soda, hydro chloric acid , liquid chlorine, ammonium chloride
5
Lakshmi Mills Co. Ltd., lakshmipuram post, Kovilpatti.
Textile yarn
6
Loyal Textile Mills  Ltd., Mill road, Kovilpatti.
 
Yarn & Cloth
7
 
The Tuticorin spinning mills Ltd.,
 
106, palayankottai road, Thoothukudi
Cotton yarn
8
 
Madura Coats Ltd.,
 
Beach road, Thoothukudi
Cotton yarn & thread
 
9.
 
The Bharathi Co-op  spinning mills Ltd.,
PB.No.1, Ettayapuram
Cotton yarn
10
Heavy water plant
 
Thoothukudi
Heavy water
11
 
Thoothukudi Thermal Power Station, Thoothukudi
Power
12.
Sterlite  Industries (INDIA) Ltd.,
Madurai Bypass Road,
SIPCOT Industrial Complex,  Thoothukudi
Copper smelting/ Copper anodes
13.
Shantha marine bio technologies (p) Ltd.,
Tiruchendur- kanyakumari Road,
Kallamozhi post Ttiruchendur TK
 
Pharmaceuticals ( Beta Carotene)
14.
Kilburn Chemicals Ltd.,
SIPCOT Industrial Complex,  Thoothukudi
Titanium Di Oxide
15
Arasan Textile Mills (P) Ltd.,
Sinnamani nagar,   Thoothukudi
 
Cotton yarn
16
Transworld Garnet India pvt..Ltd.,
Kootudankadu,   Thoothukudi
 
Garnet Abrasives
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CLUSTERS
 

Thoothukudi district has the possibilities of cluster development in the following industries.

1.Salt industry
2 Readymade garments
3.Fish processing/ Fish based products
4.Handmade matches

A Cluster study on salt industry in Thoothukudi district has been taken up

Current Status Of Salt Industry in Thoothukudi District

Salt industry is the main backbone of economic development of the district. It is the cluster group of industry of Thoothukudi district and was extended in an area of 15700 Acres with production of 17.12 Lakhs M.T.

Thoothukudi district is endowed with a coastal line of about 121 Kms and territorial waters covering thousands of Hectares. During the survey it is reported that 2208 Units are engaged in salt production. The total area found viable for salt cultivation is about 40,000 Acres. Further it is reported from the survey 126 permitted iodised salt plants and 4 refined free flow iodised manufacturing units are functioning and produce about 70,000 M.T per Annum. The concentration of salt unit is centered around Thoothukudi ,Srivaikundam and Thiruchendur Taluks .Also a considerable number of salt units are clustered in Vilathikulam block. There are about 2000 small scale salt manufactures and traders in Thoothukudi district

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  SALT INDUSTRY IN THOOTHUKUDI DISTRICT AT A GLANCE
 
Sl.No
Details

 

1.
No of Non Licensed Units
1944
2.
No of Licensed Units
264
3.
Licensed Area ( in Acres)
8300
4.
Production  of salt under licensed sector( in Lakhs tons)
8.42
5
Production  of salt under Non-Licensed sector
( in Lakhs tons)
8.70
6.
Production  of salt in Thoothukudi Circle
17.12
7.
No of Laborers employed (Approx)
5080
8.
Total no of units in engaged in salt production
2208
9.
Export of salt from Thoothukudi (in 000 tones)
402.20
10.
Value (in Rs Lakhs)
3620.50
11.
Total Area covered under salt (in acres) Both Licensed and Non Licensed
15,700
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HANDMADE MATCHES CLUSTER
 
There are about 1100  Handmade Safety Matches  Manufacturing Units  available in Thoothukkudi District. These units are mostly clustered in Kovilpatti and Villathikulam taluks .
      
             
These clusters provide employment  to about  30,000 persons .
             

A Study   on this Handmade Safety Matches cluster in Thoothukkudi District is carried out and  the  scope for  development, requirements , advantages and disadvantages of this cluster  are studied.

 

FISH PROCESSING / FISH BASED PRODUCTS CLUSTER
              
Thoothukkudi District is blessed  with a Coastal Line of  121 Kms  and  Fisheries ,Fish Processing  is the ancient and traditional industry.
            
The Fisherwomen of this District can be  formed into  Groups and they can be trained  in activities like
        
fish processing ,value added fish products.
           
The Fisheries College and Research Institute ,Thoothukkudi  imparts high profile training to the willing Entrepreneurs and Women SHGs in value added fish products, ornamental fish culture etc.,
           
There  is  a  good  Scope in Thoothukkudi   District  for this  cluster  which  has an excellent  market  potential.
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  POTENTIAL AND VIABLE PROJECTS  UNDER MSME SECTOR– BLOCKWISE
 
S.No.
Name of The block
Projects
1
Thoothukudi
      Sea food industry, sea weeds cultivation, pearl oyster culture, salt industries, chemical industries, poultry and cattle field, spice based products, readymade garments, mechanical boats/ small ships building units, pulses processing, dhall mills, coconut oil, masala powder, dry flowers, senna leaves processing, bakery products, poly bags, general engineering, processing and canning of gherkins etc.,
2
Kovilpatti
       Match industries, power loom , cereals and pulses processing, masala powder, processing of herbals, readymade garments, printing press, bakery products, vermicelli, etc.,
3
Tiruchendur
      Value added products from banana, palmyrah products, cashew nut processing, extracting oil; from cashew kernals, prawn culture, sea weeds cultivation, salt industries, sea food industries, bakery products, mini modern rice mills, etc.,
4
Alwarthirunagari
      Modern rice mills, processing of pulses and cereals, banana products, bio fertilizers, bakery products, cattle feed, ready made garments, country/ chamber bricks, vermicelli, etc.,
5
Srivaikundam
       Country bricks, Modern rice mills,  banana products, flour mills, lime stone works, dry flowers, cold storage, coconut oil, coconut coir, waste pith processing units, gherkins processing units ,fruits and vegetables processing units, etc.,
 
6
Udangudi
 
       Coconut based products, Palmyrah based products, timber sawing, jewellery works, Modern rice mills , ready made garments, value added products from drumstick, fish processing, activated carbon, etc.,
7
Karungulam 
      Chamber bricks, stone crusher, wooden toys, wax candle, readymade garments, products from banana, guava and mango pulp producing units, cereals and pulses processing, dry flowers, bio fertilizers, modern rice mills, cold storage, etc.,
8
Sathankulam
       Value added products from drumstick, cashew nut processing, leather goods, timber works, edible oil, activated carbon,  vermicelli, pappads, noodles, cattle field, palmyrah based products, bakery products, etc.,
9
Kayathar 
       Bakery products, ready made garments, flour mills, masala powder, herbal products, aloe-vera gel, gherkins processing units, pulses processing, senna leaves processing, dyes from flower extract, etc.,
10
Ottapidaram
 
       Salt refinery, readymade garments, tomato processing, herbal products, curry leaf powder manufacturing , gherkins processing units, aloe-vera gel, roller flour mills, cold storage, sea weed cultivation, etc.,
11
Pudur
       Charcoal manufacturing ,match factory, masala powder , cereals and pulses processing ,oleoresin extraction units, etc.,
12
Vilathikulam
       Match factory, handloom/power loom, charcoal manufacturing, masala powder ,oleoresin extraction, iodised salt manufacturing, coastal aqua culture, value added products from amla etc.,
   
 
 
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